Noting the complexity of the Hatch-Waxman Act (H-W) statutory scheme, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit upheld a dismissal, with prejudice, of a patent suit filed against a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) applicant who had certified under the H-W that its generic drug did not infringe the patent in question. Minnesota Mining and Mfg. Co. v. Barr Laboratories, Inc., Case Nos. 01-1369, -1370 (Fed. Cir., May 1, 2002).
This case involves the interaction between the 180-day waiting period under the H-W, 21 U.S.C. ß 355(j)(5)(B)(iv)(II), for a second manufacturer of a generic drug and the sufficiency of notice of no patent infringement under "the paragraph IV certification" procedure.
3M is the manufacturer of TambocorÆ and the owner of a patent claiming intermediate compounds in the drug's manufacture. TambocorÆ (flecainide acetate) is used in the treatment of heart rhythm disturbances. As required by the H-W, 3M's patent is listed in the FDA's so-called Orange Book. Alphapharm, the first appellant to file with the FDA for approval to market a generic form of flecainide, is not currently marketing the drug.
Barr was the second manufacturer to file with the FDA for approval to market a generic form of flecainide. As required by the H-W, Barr filed a paragraph IV certification simply stating that its formulation did not infringe the listed 3M patent. After 3M sued Barr for patent infringement, it discovered that, in fact, Barr's formulation did not infringe the patent. 3M requested that the district court dismiss the suit without prejudice, alleging that Barr had "hoodwinked" 3M into bringing suit by failing to provide 3M with sufficient notice through a more "detailed statement" in its paragraph IV certification. The district court, however, dismissed the suit with prejudice, finding "no impropriety in Barr's declining to provide further information." The district court found that 3M was merely attempting to avoid an adverse judgment in the district court proceeding" to avoid triggering the 180-day period (under H-W ß355(j)(5)(B)(iv)(II)) after which Barr could...