Quality Stores, Inc. Update

Author:Ms Mary Hevener, David R. Fuller, Steven P. Johnson, Robert R. Martinelli and Patrick Rehfield
Profession:Morgan Lewis

Department of Justice files petition for rehearing en banc, challenging the Sixth Circuit's recent decision that severance payments paid pursuant to an involuntary reduction in force are exempt from FICA taxes.

On October 18, the Department of Justice (DOJ) filed a petition for rehearing en banc in United States v. Quality Stores, Inc., No. 10-1563 (6th Cir. Sept. 7, 2012). 1 In Quality Stores, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit issued the most significant pro-taxpayer payroll tax decision in the last 10 years, holding that severance payments that satisfy the Internal Revenue Code's statutory definition of "supplemental unemployment compensation benefits" or SUB-Pay are not taxable wages for Social Security and Medicare (Federal Insurance Contributions Act or FICA) tax purposes. 2 Specifically, the Sixth Circuit held that severance payments paid to former employees pursuant to an involuntary reduction in force were SUB-Pay and not taxable "wages" for FICA tax purposes. 3]

Petition for Rehearing En Banc

Rehearings en banc are only granted in rare cases when the petitioning party establishes the existence of issues that affect the integrity of the circuit's case law (e.g., intracircuit conflicts) or the development of the law (e.g., questions of exceptional importance). Per the Sixth Circuit's Internal Operating Procedures Rule 35(a), "a petition for rehearing en banc is an extraordinary procedure intended to bring to the attention of the entire court a precedent-setting error of exceptional public importance or an opinion that directly conflicts with Supreme Court or Sixth Circuit precedent." As such, rehearings en banc are generally disfavored and ordinarily not ordered. See Mitts v. Bagley, 626 F.3d 366, 370 (6th Cir. 2010). They are granted if a majority of the active service circuit judges who are not disqualified agree to grant rehearing.

In support of its petition for rehearing en banc, the government contends that the Sixth Circuit's Quality Stores decision conflicts with the holdings in Social Security Board v. Nierotko, 327 U.S. 358 (1946); Appoloni v. United States, 450 F.3d 185 (6th Cir. 2006); and Gerbec v. United States, 164 F.3d 1015 (6th Cir. 1999), and therefore "[c]onsideration by the full court is thus needed to secure and maintain uniformity of [the Sixth Circuit's] decisions."


As stated in our previous LawFlash, most advisors assumed that the government would seek review of this matter by the U.S...

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